# 1. Knowledge booster
Here by crops we mean that these belongs to plants. but according to Wikipedia crops not only mean two plants but it belongs to animals also.
Thus in real, a crop is a plant or animal product that can be grown and harvested extensively for profit or subsistence.
# 2. Knowledge booster
Meaning of Kharif and Rabi
These two words are of arabic origin.
ربيع rabī3 = spring
خريف kharīf = fall, autumn
# 3. Knowledge booster
Trick to remember Kharif and Rabi crops (in Hindi).
महर के गधे ने दिल से बाज़ा बजाया
1. म – मक्का (maize)
2. हर – अरहर (Pigeon Peas)
3. ग – गन्ना (sugar cane)
4. धे – धान (
5. दिल – तिलहन (oil seeds)
6. बा – बाजरा
7. जा – ज्वार.
आज सच में राई में गेम खेला
1. आ – आलू
2. ज – जौ
3. स – सरसों
4. च – चना
5. राई – राई
6. गे – गैंहू
7. म – मटर
# 4. Knowledge booster
There is another category of crops other than Kharif and Rabi
Zaid crops : These have time period from March to May.
Mostly there are vines (bels in hindi).
For example: cucumber, muskmelon, watermelon, bitter gourd, pumpkin etc.
# 5. Knowledge booster
Difference between Kharif and Rabi crops
|POINTS OF COMPARISON||KHARIF CROPS||RABI CROPS|
|Meaning||Kharif crops can be described as the crops which are sown with the beginning of the rainy season.||Rabi crops are the crops that are sown after the end of the monsoon, i.e. during the winter season.|
|Major Crops||Rice, maize, cotton, groundnut, jowar, bajra, etc.||Wheat, peas, gram, oilseeds, barley, etc.|
|Requirement||It requires huge amount of water and hot weather to grow.||It requires warm climate for seed germination and cold climate to grow|
|Flowering||Require shorter day length||Require longer day length|
|Sowing month||June – July||October – November|
|Harvesting month||September – October||March – April|